Fayette County, KY

County

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2022 Population
321,276
0.0243% 1-year decline
US Senator
Mitch McConnell
Republican Party
US Senator
Rand Paul
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
35.2
0.571% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
14.9%
4.98% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$66,087
7.41% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$247,900
14.3% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
169,451
0.426% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Fayette County, KY had a population of 321k people with a median age of 35.2 and a median household income of $66,087. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Fayette County, KY declined from 321,354 to 321,276, a −0.0243% decrease and its median household income grew from $61,526 to $66,087, a 7.41% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Fayette County, KY are White (Non-Hispanic) (69.6%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (14.6%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (4.1%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.91%), and Other (Hispanic) (2.56%).

None of the households in Fayette County, KY reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

93.5% of the residents in Fayette County, KY are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Fayette County, KY are University of Kentucky (8,890 degrees awarded in 2022), Bluegrass Community and Technical College (5,011 degrees), and Transylvania University (219 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Fayette County, KY was $247,900, and the homeownership rate was 54.3%.

Most people in Fayette County, KY drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 20.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Fayette County, KY was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Lexington, KY

Population & Diversity

Fayette County, KY is home to a population of 321k people, from which 93.5% are citizens. As of 2022, 10% of Fayette County, KY residents were born outside of the country (32.2k people).

In 2022, there were 4.77 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (224k people) in Fayette County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 46.9k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 13.2k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

93.5%
2022 Citizenship
93.2%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 93.5% of Fayette County, KY residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Fayette County, KY was 93.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Fayette County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Fayette County, KY
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    224k ± 361
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    46.9k ± 1.01k
  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    13.2k ± 381
7.42%
Hispanic Population
23.8k people

In 2022, there were 4.77 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (224k people) in Fayette County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 46.9k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 13.2k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

7.42% of the people in Fayette County, KY are hispanic (23.8k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Fayette County, KY as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    28,651 ± 4,142 people
  2. Cuba
    14,970 ± 2,999 people
  3. India
    12,312 ± 2,720 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Kentucky was Mexico, the natal country of 28,651 Kentucky residents, followed by Cuba with 14,970 and India with 12,312.

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Foreign-Born Population

10%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
32.2k people
10.1%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
32.3k people

As of 2022, 10% of Fayette County, KY residents (32.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Fayette County, KY was 10.1%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Fayette County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    4,324 ± 401
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    3,392 ± 460
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    2,202 ± 347

Fayette County, KY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.27 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Fayette County, KY employs 169k people. The largest industries in Fayette County, KY are Health Care & Social Assistance (25,773 people), Educational Services (24,321 people), and Retail Trade (20,552 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($126,591), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($73,571), and Finance & Insurance ($66,813).

Males in Kentucky have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,220. The income inequality in Kentucky (measured using the Gini index) is 0.452, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

169k
2022 Value
± 3,431
0.426%
1 Year growth
± 2.8%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Fayette County, KY grew at a rate of 0.426%, from 169k employees to 169k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Fayette County, KY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (18,896 people), Management Occupations (18,306 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (16,274 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Fayette County, KY.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Kentucky (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

169k
2022 Value
± 3,431
0.426%
1 Year growth
± 2.8%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Fayette County, KY grew at a rate of 0.426%, from 169k employees to 169k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Fayette County, KY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (25,773 people), Educational Services (24,321 people), and Retail Trade (20,552 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Fayette County, KY, though some of these residents may live in Fayette County, KY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$47,037
Median earning men ± $1,031
$36,022
Median earning women ± $948

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($69,159), Manufacturing ($65,585), and Wholesale Trade ($64,222).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($54,664), Public Administration ($47,400), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($43,234).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Y-Axis
2.51%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 1.98M people employed in Kentucky. This represents a 2.51% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 14.4%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Kentucky.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 4,161
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 2,293
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 2,216
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Fayette County, KY went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 59.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (38.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.56%).

Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul are the senators currently representing the state of Kentucky. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Kentucky is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Kentucky

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Mitch McConnell
Senator from Kentucky2
Assumed office on January 3, 1985
Rand Paul
Senator from Kentucky3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011

Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul are the senators currently representing Kentucky.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Kentucky over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Kentucky

Kentucky is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Kentucky have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Fayette County, KY awarded 14,424 degrees. The student population of Fayette County, KY in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 17,458 male students and 25,959 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Fayette County, KY are White (10,975 and 78.1%), followed by Black or African American (1,052 and 7.49%), Hispanic or Latino (760 and 5.41%), and Two or More Races (461 and 3.28%).

The largest universities in Fayette County, KY by number of degrees awarded are University of Kentucky (8,890 and 61.6%), Bluegrass Community and Technical College (5,011 and 34.7%), and Transylvania University (219 and 1.52%).

The most popular majors in Fayette County, KY are Liberal Arts & Sciences (922 and 6.39%), General Computer & Information Sciences (640 and 4.44%), and Social Work (629 and 4.36%).

The median tuition costs in Fayette County, KY are $41,900 for private four year colleges, and $11,496 and $30,913 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Fayette County, KY, the percentage of applicants admitted was 94.6%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 28.1%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 43,417 (40.2% men and 59.8% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 43,417 students enrolled in Fayette County, KY, 40.2% men and 59.8% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 31,673 records, of which 60.4% were women and 39.6% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 394 degrees awarded
  2. 369 degrees awarded
  3. 308 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Fayette County, KY was General Business with 394 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Fayette County, KY according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 8,890 degrees awarded
  2. 5,011 degrees awarded
  3. 219 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Kentucky with 8,890 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 6,250 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Fayette County, KY, which is 0.765 times less than the 8,174 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 10,975 degrees mean that there were 10.4 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,052 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($41,900) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,770) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,078) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Measure

In 2022, 0.821% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.756% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.17M), Some college (766k), and Secondary Education (551k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Fayette County, KY was $247,900 in 2022, which is 0.879 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $216,800 to $247,900, a 14.3% increase. The homeownership rate in Fayette County, KY is 54.3%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Fayette County, KY have an average commute time of 20.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Fayette County, KY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Fayette County, KY is $66,087. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Fayette County, KY was Census Tract 40.06 with a value of $216,607, followed by Census Tract 23.04 and Census Tract 39.16, with respective values of $209,097 and $167,750.

In 2022, 16.6% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Fayette County, KY. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 0.0259%.

Property

$247,900
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,181
$73,941
Median Property Taxes
±$2,048

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fayette County, KY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Fayette County, KY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

54.3%
Homeownership
2022
67.3%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 54.3% of the housing units in Fayette County, KY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 54.1%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Fayette County, KY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 40.06
  2. Census Tract 23.04
  3. Census Tract 39.16

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Fayette County, KY was Census Tract 40.06 with a value of $216,607, followed by Census Tract 23.04 and Census Tract 39.16, with respective values of $209,097 and $167,750.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Fayette County, KY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$66,087
Median Household Income
± $1,966
136k
Number of Households
± 2,925

In 2022, the median household income of the 136k households in Fayette County, KY grew to $66,087 from the previous year's value of $61,526.

The following chart displays the households in Fayette County, KY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Fayette County, KY is from Kentucky.
0.452
2022 Wage GINI in Kentucky
0.453
2021 Wage GINI in Kentucky

In 2022, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.452 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.286% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (75.8%)
  2. Worked At Home (9.62%)
  3. Carpooled (8.31%)

In 2022, 75.8% of workers in Fayette County, KY drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (9.62%) and those who carpooled to work (8.31%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

20.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Fayette County, KY have a shorter commute time (20.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.78% of the workforce in Fayette County, KY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Fayette County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Fayette County, KY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Fayette County, KY have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 16.6% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Fayette County, KY. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 0.0259%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

14.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Fayette County, KY (46.2k out of 309k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Fayette County, KY is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 16.3% of the children was living in poverty in Fayette County, KY. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 3.9%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 369 in Fayette County, KY. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 204 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

93.1% of the population of Fayette County, KY has health coverage, with 53.6% on employee plans, 17.1% on Medicaid, 10.6% on Medicare, 10.7% on non-group plans, and 1.12% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Fayette County, KY see 784 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.12% decrease from the previous year (801 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 697 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 222 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48% were men and 52% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

784 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Fayette County, KY

Primary care physicians in Fayette County, KY see an average of 784 patients per year. This represents a 2.12% decrease from the previous year (801 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Fayette County, KY in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 22.6% under 18 years, 27.5% between 18 and 34 years, 35.9% between 35 and 64 years, and 14% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48% were men and 52% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

6.86%
Uninsured
53.6%
Employer Coverage
17.1%
Medicaid
10.6%
Medicare
10.7%
Non-Group
1.12%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Fayette County, KY grew by 1.01% from 6.79% to 6.86%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Fayette County, KY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 49.7 in Fayette County, KY.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Fayette County, KY.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 33.7% in Fayette County, KY.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Fayette County, KY.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 8.77% in Fayette County, KY.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Fayette County, KY.

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